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Slanica island of art

Permanent expositions of the traditional folk art from the collections of the Orava Gallery (Oravská galéria) have been located in the beautiful natural scenery of Slanica Island of Art, in the centre of the Oravská priehrada dam.

From the five villages that disappeared forever below the surface of the water of the dam in 1953, only a low hill was preserved with a Baroque church and a Calvary that once was the dominating feature of the village of Slanica. A few years later, an idea to open permanent expositions of the Orava Gallery was implemented and the expositions were opened in years 1971 – 1973.

In the interior of the church with the facade from the Classical period, an exposition with the title “Traditional Folk Sculptures and Paintings“ and outdoor on the island “Lapidárium” – a collection of stone sculptures from Orava from the 18th- 19th century have been installed. In the former crypt there is an exposition of the history of the inundated villages and the construction of the Oravská priehrada dam.

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Expositions with their unique character rank among the most visited cultural sights of Orava, also thanks to the attractive cruise on a passenger motor ship “Slanica” operating to the island from port No. 2 in Slanická Osada during the tourist season.

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Oravská lesná old train

The Orava’s railway was created when was necessary to transport the wood in 1918. His original train layout is by the Orava’s forest to the west through Zakamenn until the village called Lokca.
Because the railway was carrying wood, this one was connected by the normal public railways. Although the linking was made a few years later, when the railway connected similar routes in Kysuce.
This railway hasn’t been used during years and was renovated until 2008.

What is today?

The Orava’s railway has 3,5 kilometers long and 120 meters elevation. Part of the day of the visit is to observe the landscape from an observation tower to see the panorama or a walk in the woods. In 2011, there was a trial operation of the railway locomotive.

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And also has his own exhibition, consisting of two rooms. In the first part, you’ll find articles related with the historical formation, the railways working and old vehicles.
In the second part you’ll find information panels with a general view of the history and the railway present.

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Orava museum

The Museum of Orava village is located on the West Tatras mountains in Rohace . The foundation stone was laid on September 24, 1967 and in 1975 was made public . Originally the site of today cannot be habitable. Most of the property were purchased by the original owners , dismantling , transporting and putting them together in a museum. Then, more houses were built copying the original houses .
The museum houses objects Zuberec Orava in the entire region of Orava . The area is divided into several parts: Orava rinok street, Zamagurie’s street, lazy Goral, the church and the Mlynisko’s cemetery . This museum focuses building characteristics of the architecture of the region. Just as a village ‘s residential and agricultural buildings (houses, cottages, cameras, barns…), handicrafts (forges, kilns) and engineering construction ( mill, washboard , wringer , mill) . Undercurrents cold mountain water which is connected to the millstones and washboards . The museum is dominated by the church of wood Alžbety Zábřezí of the 15th century .

Timetable:

From October to May : Tuesday to Sunday 8:00 to 15:30
June: Monday to Sunday 8:00 to 17:00
July-August : Monday to Sunday 8:00 to 18:00
September: Monday to Sunday 8:00 to 17:00

- Single Entry, with the text guide
- Entry with teacher or guide for groups
- Special tickets booked groups

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Horná Lehota’s palace

Durante el fin del siglo 16 los Abaffy en Horná Lehota construyeron un palacio. Es el monumento cultural del Renacimiento Italiano más septentrional en el mundo. Hasta el 1902 el palacio fue la propiedad familiar de los Abaffys. Despues del aňo 1948 se arruinó. En el aňo 1989 el alcalde de Horná Lehota tomó el monumento y lo vendió en 1990. La empresa que lo compró lo reconstruyó a su cuenta en 2 aňos y así logró su apariencia de hoy. En 1993 el monumento cultural fue abierto al público. Luego fue construido otro palacio en el pueblo, durante el siglo 18. en estilo baroco y luego lo reconstruyeron al estilo clasicismo. Horná Lehota fue situada en la trayectoría estratégicamente y económicamente importante. Todos quienes pasaron tras Orava pasaron tras este pueblo. La carretera fue la línea de unión entre las ciudades mineras y los centros mercantiles polacos. En el tiempo de las guerras y los alzamientos muchas veces acampó allí el ejército real y los Abaffys muchas veces pidieron al gobierno el reembolso de los gastos de los soldados. Los tiempos intranquilos de los siglos 17 y 18 afligieron dura a la gente del pueblo. Salvaban sus vidas huyendo a los bosques y al volver encontraron sus casas saqueadas.

During the end of the 16th century in Horná Lehota Abaffy built a palace. It is the cultural monument of Italian Renaissance northernmost in the world. Until 1902 the castle was owned by the family Abaffys . After 1948 was ruined . In year 1989 the mayor of Horná Lehota monument took and sold it in 1990. Bought the company that rebuilt it to your account in 2 years and thus achieved its appearance today . In 1993 the cultural monument was opened to the public . After another palace was built in the village during the 18th century. In baroque style and then rebuilt to classicism style. Horná Lehota was located on the trajectory strategically and economically important. All who came after Orava passed after this town. The road was the line between the mining towns and Polish market centers . At the time of wars and uprisings often the royal army encamped there and Abaffys often called the government ‘s reimbursement of the soldiers. The uneasy times of the 17th and 18th centuries afflicted hard to townspeople. Saved their lives by fleeing to the woods and came back to find their houses looted .

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Wooden gothic church

9_dreveny-kostol-vsetkych-svatych-v-tvrdosine_01The wooden church built in the middle of the 15th century is the oldest historic architectural monument in Tvrdošín.

Today, the church is restored in the Renaissance style from 1650 and 1653 – 1654 which is engraved in the triumphal arch on the side of the chancel. The Baroque altar from the turn of 17th and 18th centuries with its rich sculptural decoration without colours enables us to admire the beauty of pure lime tree wood and wood-carving the way its creators did just after finishing it.
In 1986 – 1993, extensive repairs and restoration of some parts of the building were done: long-restored800px-Unesco_Church_in_Tvrdošín historic furniture was placed inside, reinstallation of the whole internal decorat

ion, terraine adjustments, exchange of roofing, preservation of belfry, bastions and cemetery fence.

The church together with a stylish morgue built only recently create a unified and impressive architectural unit.

Church is opened in july and august from 10:00 till 16:00. You can arrange a visit by phone at different time. Church area and cache are accessible always.

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Ruins of st. Cosmus and Damian’s church

 In the village called Sedliacka Dubová (cataloged the prettiest of Orava in 2013), near the castle of Orava, there are ruins of a church that was very nice but with time and history became ruins. It is not known exactly when it was built but was done in 1397.

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It is dedicated to Saint Cosmus and Damian.

In the 16th century the church beside there was the school in which cure was teaching writing, grammar, Slovak, Hungarian language and history of religion lessons.

At the beggining the church was catholic, but when count Thurzo imposed Protestantism, the church became a protestant church.

In 1625 threatened collapse so was reconstructed that year and a temple constructed of stone and wood church individually was mentioned.

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Because of the religious conflicts village was destroyed by the polish armies emperor from 1672 to 1683.

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And finally in 1735 the ruins of the church were completely destroyed by the people and they made ​​it back in baroque style.

Between 1880-1886 in the village was built other temple and other neogothic. This church was abandoned. Wind, cold, water and all the adversity they had done as it was until the early 21st century, but from 2000 a few volunteers decided to take care the church, cleaning and restoring a little bit.

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Dubova Colonorum is the name of a project that is responsible for organizing camps to preserve / save the ruins. They began in 1998 with the first camp which was attended by 64 young people from all over Slovakia.

And Ciel’om is a project that is responsible for preserving the ruins in order to avoid further fragmentation of them.

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Presbytery

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Bobrova ral’a

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In principial Podbiel street you can find a popular historical reserve, called Bobrova Ral’a. Most houses are uninhabited and some of them are used for recreational purposes.

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These wooden houses, built at the final 19th and early 20th century, is the greatest patrimony Podbiel has. Over 65 houses (approx) we can see a traditional wooden architecture.

DSCN0019The basic materials of construction of houses and farm buildings are wooden. The houses are made of truncated beams from two sides. They are built on a low wall base slightly offset from the field of thermal insulation and moisture stone. The joints between the beams are filled with moss and external walls are not resolved. In the gable wall there are two associated windows in the courtyard wall of the room tends to be a window, and in the back room (chamber) one or two windows.

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Mr.Krupa placed a wooden sculpture of Jánošik next to wooden cottages on Bobrova Rali. The motion is anabled through a mechanism driven by the flow of local brook. If we turn right to the rohace at podbiel we will soon spot a similar figure, this time a woman hay maker, eagerly raking grass thanks to a mechanism using the force of water flow.

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Orava castle

If you are living in Orava and taking the train occasionally, you can realize every time you pass by the village called “Oravsky Podzámok” that there is a castle on the hilltop catching your attention from the first moment you see it. You cannot stop looking at it.

If you are don’t in Orava but you are planning to visit this Slovak region, well,  Oravsky Podzámok’s Castle is a must-see location.

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Was resided since the prehistory and the first mentions we know about this castle are only from 1267. Later, in 1298, belonged to Matuš Čak Trenčiansky. In the XIV century, belonged to Carlos Roberto King. In the XV century the king Matias Corvino was responsable for the defenses of the castle, and in general for the all Orava region.

After, during the 1556 year, the castle was bought by Francisco Turzo. And then was extended and reinforced between the years 1556-1624.

Finally, in the 1800 was burned and left in ruins. But in the 1906 began the reconstruction.

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What is inside the castle?

Inside the castle we can see rooms wanted by the several owners. All those are still with their own period furniture : animal skin rugs, canyons, clockwork mechanisms..
More : at the end of the visit you will find the Orava fauna and flora museum.

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How to go?

To go, by train or by bus, we should get off at the “Oravsky Podzámok” village stop. Once in the village we only have to go to the surroundings of the castle and you’ll see the entrance.
The entry is only 4 euros for students and 6 euros for adults from January to March.
And 3 euros for students and 5 euros for adults from May to December.
In april this castle it’s in reconstruction.

From november to march it’s open from 10:00 to 15:00
From may to october it’s open to 08:30 to 16:30 (And some months 17:00, 18:00)

Why we should visit this castle?

1. Is one of the biggest castles of Slovakia

2. The movie “Nosferatu”(1922) was filmed here.

3. It is cheap

4. They provide you the tour in English and other foreign languages.

To get more information: http://www.oravamuzeum.sk/